Pallas Athena, Greek Goddess of Truth, Wisdom, war, the arts, industry, justice and skill. Daughter of Zeus and Metis, Athena had sprung fully grown out of her father's head. She is a warrior who defends the State and the native land against the enemies coming from outside. Athena is, above all, the Goddess of the City, the protectress of civilized life, of artesian activities, and of agriculture. In poetry she is the incarnation of Wisdom, Reason and Purity. Athens is her city; the olive tree, created by her, is her tree; the owl, is the bird consecrated to her.