The widely loved Kuan Yin is synonymous with the Bodhisattva Avalokitesvara, the goddess of mercy, great compassion, kindness and love. In the Lotus Sutra, Shakyamuni Buddha said that if a suffering being hears the name of Avalokitesvara Bodhisattva and earnestly calls out to the bodhisattva, Avalokitesvara will hear the call and relieve that being from his suffering.
Kuan Yin has been depicted in many forms, some inspired by miracles attributed to her. A Tang Dynasty depiction of Kuan Yin sitting in the Royal Ease pose, backed by a crescent moon, was made popular from a folk legend where she saved an entire village from disaster (Named the Water & Moon Quan Yin). In Buddhist art, Quan Yin is sometimes shown with eleven heads and one thousand hands (Thousand-Armed Avalokitesvara Bodhisattva), a symbol of her aspiration to reach out to any being in any form to help them.
Engraved on this statue is the Heart Sutra, it is a well-known Mahāyāna Buddhist sutra that is very popular among Mahāyāna Buddhists, both for its brevity and depth of meaning. Its Sanskrit name Prajñāpāramitā Hṛdaya literally translates to the "Heart of the Perfection of Transcendent Wisdom." The Heart Sutra could be said to be the best known and most popular of all Buddhist scriptures.